Eighty-six Contrasts of the Old and New Covenants

 

 

 

 

 

The Context

The plan of God is to end evil and suffering forever (Exodus 34:6-7; Psalm 34; Matthew 13:37-43; I Corinthians 15:24-28; Galatians 6:7-8; 1 Timothy 1:5; Revelation 21-22). The ultimate purpose of God in all His present dealings with man is to bring him back to the place where he was before the fall (beloved fellowship) and free him of all possibility of failing in the future.

 

 

There are 1,050 commands in the New Testament’s instruction for which Christians are to obediently yield. They cover every phase of a person's life in his relationship to God and his fellowmen, now and hereafter.  If obediently yielded to, they will bring rich rewards here and forever; if not yielded, they will bring consequences.  They are not to be confused with the 10 commandments which were abolished along with the law of Moses; (see the book of Galatians or below):  

 

 

 

Eighty-six Contrasts of the Old and New Covenants

 

 

1.    Old Testament (2 Cor. 3:14)  New Testament (2 Cor. 3:6)

 

2.    First covenant (Hebrews 8:7; 9:1)  Second covenant (Hebrews 8:7; 10:1-9)

 

3.    Came by Moses (John 1:17)  Came by Christ (Heb. 8:6; 9:15)

 

4.    Law of Moses (Acts 13:38-39)  Law of Christ (Galatians 6:2)

 

5.    Law of sin (Romans 7:23; 8:2)  Law of righteousness (Romans 9:31)

 

6.    Law of the flesh (Rom. 7:5-6)   Law of the Spirit (Rom. 8:2)

 

7.    Not of faith (Gal. 3:12)  Law of faith (Rom. 3:27)

 

8.    Yoke of bondage (Gal. 5:1)  Law of liberty (James 1:25)

 

9.    Ended by Christ (Rom. 10:4)  Started by Christ (Heb. 8:6; 10:9)

 

10.  Brought death (2 Cor. 3:7)  Brought life (Rom. 8:2; Gal. 3)

 

11.  Makes guilty (2 Cor. 3:9)  Makes free (Gal. 5:1; John 8)

 

12.  A shadow (Colossians 2:14-17)   The reality (Heb. 10:1-18)

 

13.  Fulfilled (Matthew 5:17-18)  Now in force  (Heb. 8:6; 10:9)

 

14.  Demands righteousness (Luke 10:28)  Gives righteousness (John 1:17; 3:16)

 

15.  Makes imperfect (Heb. 7:19)  Makes perfect (Heb. 7:19) 

 

16.  Glorious (2 Cor. 3:7)  More glorious (2 Cor. 3:8-10)

 

17.  Powerless to save (Heb. 9:9; 10:4)   Saves to uttermost (Heb. 7:25)

 

18.  Many sacrifices (Heb. 9:12-13)  One sacrifice (Heb. 10:12)

 

19.  Temporary priest (Heb. 7:23)  Eternal priest (Heb. 7:17)

 

20.  Remembers sins (Heb. 10:3)  Forgets sins (Heb. 8:12; 10:17)

 

21.  Yearly atonement (Heb. 10:3)  Eternal atonement (Heb. 10:14)

 

22.  Sinful ministry (Heb. 5:1-4)  Sinless ministry (Heb. 7:26)

 

23.  Aaronic priesthood (Heb. 7:11)  Melchisedek (Heb. 5:5-10; 7:21

 

24.  Of Levi (Hebrews 7:11 Of Judah (Hebrews 7:14)

 

25.  Animal sacrifices (Hebrews 9:12)  Human (Jesus the Christ) sacrifice (Hebrews 9:14-28)

 

26.  Earthly tabernacle (Hebrews 9:2)  Heavenly tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2)

 

27.  Sinful mediator (Galatians 3:19)  Sinless mediator (1 Tim. 2:5)

 

28.  No inheritance (Romans 4:13)  Eternal inheritance (Hebrews 9:15)

 

29.  Ratified by animal blood (Hebrews 9:16-22)  Ratified by the blood of Christ (Matthew 26:28)

 

30.  Law of works (Romans 3:26-31)  Law of grace (John 1:17)

 

31.  Works wrath (Romans 4:15)  Saves from wrath (Romans 5:9)

 

32.  Could not redeem (Hebrews 10:4)  Redeems (Galatians 3:13; Hebrews 9:12-15)

 

33.  Could not satisfy (Isaiah 1:13-14)  Does satisfy God (Hebrews 10:15-18)

 

34.  No miracle power (Hebrews 7:18)  Miracles (Galatians 3:1-5; John 14:12)

 

35.  Abolishment predicted (Hosea 2:11 Establishment predicted (Hebrews 8:7)

 

36.  Circumcision (Exodus 12:48)  No circumcision, but water immersion (Romans 4:9-25; Colossians 2:11-15; Galatians 2:26-29)

 

37.  Made to change (Hebrews 9; Galatians 3)  Made eternal (Hebrews 13:20)

 

38.  Faulty (Hebrews 8:7)  Perfect (James 1:25)

 

39.  Weak (Hebrews 7:18)  Strong (Hebrews 7:25)

 

40.  Unprofitable (Hebrews 7:18)  Profitable (Hebrews 7:19, 25)

 

41.  Natural program (Hebrews 9:10-13)  Spiritual program (2 Cor. 3:6, 13)

 

42.  Written in stone (Exodus 31:18)  Written in minds and on hearts (Hebrews 8:10, 12; 10:16-18)

 

43.  Daily program (Hebrews 7:27)  Finished program (Hebrews 10:10-18)

 

44.  Weak priests (Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28)  Perfect priest (Hebrews 7:26)

 

45.  Priests by law (Hebrews 7:28)  Priest by an oath (Hebrews 7:21,28)

 

46.  No salvation (Hebrews 10:2-4)  Eternal salvation (Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 10:10)

 

47.  Self-honored (Hebrews 5:4)  God-honored priest (Hebrews 5:5)

 

48.  Nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:19)  Makes perfect (Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 10:14)

 

49.  No intercessors (Isaiah 59:16)  Two intercessors (Romans 8:26,34; Hebrews 7:25)

 

50.  Costly program (Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 9:9)  Free for all (Ephes. 2:8; Rev. 22:17)

 

51.  Earthly agents (Hebrews 5:1-4)  Heavenly agent (Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:12)

 

52.  Monotonous failure (Hebrews 10:11)  Glorious success (Hebrews 10:10-18)

 

53.  No personal access to God (Hebrews 9:7)  Personal access to God (Hebrews 4:14-16; Hebrews 10:19)

 

54.  Many offerings (Hebrews 9:12-13)  One offering (Hebrews 10:10-14)

 

55.  Good promises (Deut. 28:1-14)  Better promises (Hebrews 8:6)

 

56.   A good covenant (Romans 7:12)  A better covenant (Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:6)

 

57.  Many priests (Hebrews 7:23)  One priest (Hebrews 7:24-28)

 

58.  Many sufferings (Hebrews 9:12-13)  One suffering (Hebrews 9:26; Hebrews 10:14)

 

59.  Present things (Hebrews 9:9)  Things to come (Hebrews 10:1)

 

60.  Typical tabernacle (Hebrews 9)  True tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:11)

 

61.  Dead works (Hebrews 9:14)  Living service (Hebrews 9:14)

 

62.  Made at Sinai (Galatians 4:24)  Made at Calvary (Matthew 26:28)

 

63.  No mercy (Hebrews 10:28)  Complete mercy (Hebrews 8:12)

 

64.  Handmade things (Hebrews 9:1-5,24)  Not handmade (Hebrews 9:23-24)

 

65.  Given by angels (Galatians 3:19 By the Holy Spirit (Hebrews 10:15-18)

 

66.  An old way (Hebrews 8:13)  New and living way (Hebrews 10:19-20)

 

67.  Helpless ministers (Hebrews 7:18)  Able ministers (2 Cor. 3:6)

 

68.  Carnal ministry (Hebrews 9:9-10)  Spiritual ministry (2 Cor. 3:6)

 

69.  Ministration of (2 Cor. 3:6, 8)  Ministration of Spirit and life (2 Cor. 3:7)

 

70.  Ministration of condemnation (2 Cor. 3:9 Ministration of righteousness (2 Cor. 3:9)

 

71.  Glory covered (2 Cor. 3:13)  Glory uncovered (2 Cor. 3:7-16)

 

72.  Brings bondage (Galatians 4:24-25)  Brings liberty (2 Cor. 3:17)

 

73.  Cannot acquit/ pardon/ justify (Galatians 2:16)  Can acquit/ pardon/ justify (Acts 13:38-39)

 

74.  Brings a curse (Galatians 3:10)  Redeems from it (Galatians 3:13)

 

75.  Live by works (Galatians 3:10)  Live by faith (Galatians 3:11)

 

76.  Cannot give life (Galatians 3:21)  Can give life (John 6:63-68)

 

77.  Exposes sin (Galatians 3:19)  Covers sin (Romans 4:1-8)

 

78.  Under law (Romans 6:14-15)  Under grace (Galatians 3:22-25)

 

79.  Engenders persecution (Galatians 4:29 Engenders tolerance (1 Cor. 13)

 

80.  Done away (2 Cor. 3:7-14)  Not done away (2 Cor. 3:11)

 

81.  Abolished (2 Cor. 3:13)  Remains (2 Cor. 3:11)

 

82.  Cast out (Galatians 4:30 Not cast out (Hebrews 8:6)

 

83.  Taken away (Hebrews 10:9)  Not taken away (Hebrews 10:9)

 

84.  Blotted out (Col. 2:14-17)  Not blotted out (Hebrews 8:6)

 

85.  Not by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)  Made by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)

 

86.  For Israel only (Deut. 4:7-8; Deut. 5:3)  For all people (Matthew 26:28)

 

 

 

“The object and purpose of our instruction and charge is that all believers would be filled with charity (love) that comes from a pure heart, and a clear conscience, and genuine faith.”  —1 Timothy 1:5

 

 

 

Links

Due to repetitions we can classify the 1,050 New Testament commands under about 800 headings.

 

153 Plain Laws and Warnings in the New Testament

 

“And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly, and [I pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Thess. 5:23). See the tri-unity of humans. Some links require Adobe Acrobat Reader 

 

“For His divine power has given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who has called us to glory and goodness. And by that same mighty power, He has given to us exceeding great and precious promises; that by these you all might be partakers of the Divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.” (2 Peter1:3-4)  There are 750 promises in the New Testament alone.

 

“Beloved, I wish above all things that you may prosper and be in health, even as your soul prospers.” (3 John 1:2)

 

Therefore if any person be in Christ, they are a new creature [CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION]: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”  (2 Corinthians 5:17)

 

The Key That Unlocks All Promises

 

This Good News tells us how God makes us right in his sight. This is accomplished from start to finish by faith. As the Scriptures say, ‘The just shall live by faith.’”  (Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Habakkuk 2:4)

 

So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.” (Hebrews 3:19)  See Doubt and Unbelief concerning God’s Word

 

“Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication [prayer as from neediness] with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.” (Philippians 4:6)  See The Art of Prayer

 

“For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.”  (Ephesians 6:12)  See the reality of evil, Satan, or the devil

  

“…The eternal purpose which He [God] purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Ephesians 3:11). “…Rightly dividing the word of truth” (2 Timothy 2:15). Link to God's Plan for Mankind

 

 

 

Thank you Finis Jennings Dake and Dake Publishing

 

 

Thank you Derek Prince Ministries and his book entitled Blessings or Curses…